To register and avail the benefit: Registration

Supporting Empowerment and Livelihoods interventions for DNT/NT/SNT:

The decline of traditional occupations of DNT/NT/SNT communities has further exacerbated their poverty. A focus to support livelihood generation for these communities is required. The vulnerable populations constituting the De-notified, Nomadic Tribes and Semi-Nomadic Tribes (DNT, and NT/SNT) are among poorest of the poor in most pockets of the country. Modern livelihoods involving a more settled lifestyle and their institution building will also benefit these communities in terms of their ability to access the benefits of government schemes, and more importantly, their ability to continue education without interruption.


  1. The primary objective of the scheme is to provide financial assistance to National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM)for undertaking institution building in association with State Rural Livelihoods Mission (SRLM) of state Governments/UTs at community level as a livelihood initiative to enhance productivity growth in key livelihood sectors for employment generation for DNT/NT/SNT communities poor through investments in institutional support , technical assistance.

  2. To build and strengthen institutions by social mobilization for empowerment to help DNT, NT and SNT communities small clusters with limited capacity and skills.

Convergence under National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) for implementation:

  1. Improving the capability of local leadership, SHGs, CBOs and improve their collaboration is fundamental to National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM). NRLM through SRLMs build institutions and developing synergies through institutions of the poor at grassroots level to reach out to all the rural poor families and link them to sustainable livelihoods opportunities. It places a very high emphasis on convergence with other programmes of the Ministry of Rural Development and other Central Ministries and programmes of state governments.

  2. Social mobilisation is process-intensive effort that requires dedicated and appropriate human resources. Orientation and capacity building to improve the level of competency of human resources at local level is key to achieve the goal of rural prosperity at grassroots level. NRLM has set up sensitive and dedicated support structures at the National, State, district and sub-district levels. State Rural Livelihoods Missions (SRLMs) have been constituted with adequate human resources its State Mission Management Units at state level, District Mission Management Units at district level, and sub-district units at block and/or cluster levels. These support structures are well equipped, sensitive and suitable for social mobilization of poor and have sufficient suitable linkages with Government(s), District Rural Development Agencies (DRDAs), and PRIs.

Implementing Agencies and Strategy:

  1. Under this component the De-notified, Nomadic Tribes and Semi- Nomadic Tribes (DNT, and NT/SNT)) community clusters are target population for initiating the social mobilization, CBO and SHG formation and promotion of inclusion in the Community.

  2. The Scheme component will be implemented through National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) in association with State Rural Livelihoods Mission (SRLM)of concerned State/UT. NHA will ensure that SHA take help of the State Social Welfare Department to identify eligible DNT, NT and SNT clusters.

  3. This particular intervention will seek an effective convergence between the SHG/CBOs of DNT, and NT/SNT community clusters and the NRLM, SLRMs and PRI institutions and its structures in state to block levels for regular interface for exchange of support and sharing of expert resources between PRI institutions and CBOs and SHGs of DNT, and NT/SNT clusters. And for this the role of NRLM and SLRM is to ensure for the institutional support. The National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and State Rural Livelihoods Mission(SRLM) are to adopt strategies to target and include poor people in existing programmes.

  4. To achieve the objectives of empowerment and improving livelihoods of DNT, and NT/SNT community clusters with the aforesaid para background the strategies will be as follows

    1. The State Governments shall identify State Rural Livelihood mission for anchoring the overall coordination of empowerment and improving livelihoods of DNT, NT and SNT.

    2. Further a mechanism will be developed by the State Government so that SRLMs works in tandem with Social welfare Department of State Government for identification of DNT/ NT/SNT clusters for taking up this component by SRLMs.

    3. The support may be taken of reputed Government or non- Government institutions which have proven record of experience specially those who have worked on empowerment and improving livelihoods of De-notified, and Nomadic Tribes (DNT, NT) in the area.

SRLMs will mainly focus on the following items:

Interventions with cost norms and Admissible Components

The activities that are to be undertaken:

A. Conduct of Community meetings:

B. Community outreach Entry Point Activity (EPA) to build rapport with Community:

During the institution strengthening exercise, the community would identify the Entry Point Activities (EPA) collectively decided by the community will be taken up during the project period for creation of durable community assets to support improved livelihoods, especially of landless, poor women, public works for common benefit- like drinking water, minor irrigation, check dam. The activity/ activities are to be decided in order of priority in the General meeting of community. The aim is to create a rapport and catalyze participatory building of community institution by supporting the immediate need of the Community by undertaking Public works for common benefit supporting the immediate need of the Community to be decided in order of priority in Participatory community meeting - like drinking water, minor irrigation, check dam, creation of durable assets, to support improved livelihoods especially women given preference.

C. Selection of CCPs:

Being nomadic, impoverished and poorly educated, the DNT, NT and SNT communities are mostly unaware of their own rights and entitlements, and are not in a position to claim them. Therefore it is necessary to identify smart and committed members of the DNT, NT and SNT at the specific DNT, NT and SNT clusters level in the age group 25-45 years, both among men and women, designated as 'Community Contact Persons' (CCPs), who can highlight about the various issues and problems faced by their communities, their rights and entitlements, and the various Schemes of the Centre and the State. Focus would be on developing and engaging them as the community resource persons for helping in the component implementation at the specific selected DNT, NT and SNT cluster level.

The second type more qualified and experienced CCP will be of District level in the district where a number of DNT, NT and SNT clusters are found. The district level CCPs two in number in each district will be selected. Particular focus would be on developing and engaging them as community professionals and community resource persons for capacity building of SHGs and linking their federations and other collectives.

Two CCP at DNT, NT and SNT cluster level will be an active member of the specific DNT, NT and SNT cluster who need not have formal qualifications but have potential to be the community resource person for helping in the component implementation at the specific selected DNT, NT and SNT cluster level. The selection of CCPs will be done by the SRLM in consultation with five reputed persons of the Community. The cluster level CCP will be paid fixed consolidated honorarium of Rs. 3000/- per month.

a)  Role of District level CCPs:

b)  Eligibility criteria for District level CCPs:

c)  Selection Process

d) Remuneration

e) Other terms for engagement 

D. Training workshop for SHG/ CBO members with inclusion of key selected community persons /key persons of Gram Panchayat:

Strengthening organizational capacity interventions to build capacity mainly to prepare groups to aggregate in a common platform and to aggregate groups to understand issues of access to and benefit from the various developmental schemes of Government and promoting self-help and co-operation.

Training for self- help groups (SHGs) and CBO may be on:

  1. Concepts of SHGs, village organizations (VOs) and block level federations(BLFs),

  2. Group processes and management,

  3. Regular Meetings

  4. Regular Savings

  5. Internal lending

  6. Regular repayment of loans

  7. Book keeping

  8. Good Health

  9. Identification of active women as trainers during the course of training

  10. Microfinance operations including fund management and bookkeeping,

  11. Credit prioritization plan,

  12. Conflict resolution and regular Participation in Panchayat Raj Institutions

  13. Social issues.

  14. Access to Entitlements through Government Schemes

E. Formation of DNT/NT SHGs and CBO:

The aggregation of the poor, through their institutions, reduces transaction costs to the individual members, makes their livelihoods more viable. Strong institutions of the DNT, NT such as SHGs and their community level and higher level federations are necessary to provide space, voice and resources to them in Government welfare and developmental programmes, and reducing their dependence on external agencies. They should empower them and act as instruments of knowledge and technology dissemination, and hubs of production, collectivization and commerce. This activity, therefore, in the beginning would focus on setting up these institutions at community levels.

Community based Organisation (CBO): CBO will be the central and integral part. To this end, focused effort will be made for constitution of Community Based Organisation in each DNT/NT community locations, habitation, hamlets, Dhanis, tent colony or whatsoever local name by which the place of residing of a group of a particular DNT/NT community is known in the State/UT. With the help of CBO generation of basic data generation of community along with status of caste certificate, BPL card, Ration Card, Voter ID, Aadhar card will be done as far as possible. For formation of CBO, Rs. 15,000 per CBO will be given as incentive towards group formation and development.

In CBO general body both women and men would be organized. All these institutions will be inclusive and no adult member would be left out of them. The process of formation and functioning of a CBO would also involve the following critical steps:

SHG: This activity should promote specialized institutions like SHGs (Livelihoods collectives), producers’ group for livelihoods Promotion, backward and forward linkages, and access to information, credit, technology, markets etc. There are existing institutions of these types at local levels formed by Government efforts and efforts of NGOs. This scheme activity would support the processes of forming and nurturing the DNT, NT, SHG institutions and strive to develop relationship with related existing institutions. The self-help promoting institutions of DNT, and NT would be supported.

This activity would ensure that at least one member from each identified DNT, NT, household, preferably a woman, is brought under the Self Help Group (SHG) for addressing livelihoods issues. For formation of SHGs, Rs. 10,000 per SHG will be given as incentive towards group formation and development.

Role of SRLM Community Professional and Community Resource Person:

The NRLM programme has built a cadre of community professionals that follow a very intensive community oriented, organic development process to build community institutions and their federations. These cadres of community professionals provide a supporting hand in formation and nurturing of community institutions and managing and leading these institutions to a meaningful cause. These are better suited to identifying the constraints and opportunities in their villages, and are much more effective in instilling confidence and mobilizing their communities. They also tend to be more accountable to their communities as they live there and enjoy local legitimacy and trust. Under SRLM a network of cadre of community professionals accountable entirely to the local institutions is widely established.

The services of these professionals would be taken to take over the responsibilities of formation of CBO and SHG for DNT/ NT clusters. These cadre are very important for facilitation in following long term perspective:

F. PRA exercise/ /Rapid Community Survey (RCS)- Detailed Participatory Community Appraisal of community:

Through PRA a rapport building relationship in which a common understanding will be reached with community and within community. This will also aim at effective approach to gather information about community and their environment.

The specific community level demographic, Socio-economic and cultural primary data of the DNT, and NT community will fill the gaps in documented information about them. It will help to understand the location specific problems in a better manner and document priorities of the local community people. It will contain a description of problems being faced by the community along with their feasible solutions, assessment of need and capacity of resources in addition to the list of activities to be conducted in the community area.

Rapid Community Survey will be Participatory in which the local community members will be involved to extract and collect data & information on various aspects, as well as to understand the actual situation or status of the Community. It will be carried out by conducting group discussions, experience sharing.

G. Skill development / field exposure visit including training / tool kits distribution for value addition:

This activity would be part of continuous capacity building of the targeted DNT, NT, SNT persons and they are to be provided with the requisite skills to promising youth provide skills, production and productivity enhancement services that include technology, knowledge, skills and inputs, market linkages etc. The interested youth would be offered Transfer of technology through training, frontline demonstration. The subject may include:

Funding pattern and Cost Norms:

The Development and Welfare Board for De-Notified, Nomadic and Semi-Nomadic Communities (DWBDNC) will finance the NRLM for implementation of scheme component in association with state level SRLMs for taking up the empowerment and improving livelihoods of identified DNT, NT & SNT communities and supporting their SHGs and CBOs for 4 years.

Review and Monitoring

a)  The progress of implementation of the scheme will be reviewed by the DWBDNC through periodic reports from the concerned SRLM and State Government/implementing agencies.

b)  The DWBDNC will conduct review meetings during which SRLM would be required to make presentations on the progress.

c)  The DWBDNC is free to make any modification in the aforesaid conditions in consultation with selected SRLM and State Government / UTs whenever deemed necessary.